Proof of Activity (PoA) Summary [Cryptocurrency consensus mechanisms]
Proof of Activity (PoA) is a cryptocurrency consensus mechanism which combines Proof of Work (PoW) and Proof of State (PoW) into a hybrid mining system. In a PoA system, validators begin by applying a Proof of Work stage to block headers until they find a desirable hash. The block headers are then passed onto a […]
Proof of Trust (PoT) Summary [Cryptocurrency consensus mechanisms]
In a Proof of Trust system, users in a network gain trust as they participate in special activities within the network. If a user tries to defraud the system, the trust is lost and they lose an equivalent amount in value (the cryptocurrency or token employed). In a Proof of Trust system, “trust” is staked […]
ELI5 Proof of Stake (PoS) – How does PoS work?
In the cryptocurrency universe, Proof of Stake (PoS) is one of the most popular alternatives to the Proof of Work (PoW) family of consensus mechanisms. While PoW systems invest large amounts of energy to make sure transactions are legit, PoS does not require mining hardware. Proof of Stake “miners” (stakers) must lock a financial stake […]
Opinion: Decentralized blockchains can only survive having a valuable token, like Bitcoin, attached to them [Feb 2018]
We’ve heard this time and again, especially from folks in the financial sector: “blockchain is here to stay, Bitcoin not so much”. Is this really so? We disagree, and in this article we discuss the origins of Bitcoin and how the problem it solved only makes sense when there’s a reward for participants to join […]
Concepts In This Page
A process or system by which multiple parties are able to reach consensus. In the context of cryptocurrencies, it's the process which allows for everyone to agree on everyone else's money balance. E.g. Bitcoin employs Nakamoto consensus via PoW mining.
Cryptocurrency Transactions (TX's) are the logical object which tie an unspent output to a new input, forming the chain which allows us to control address balances. Transactions are grouped into blocks which, when verified by mining or staking, form the blockchain.
A concept of value exchange that does not require physical tokens (coins or paper cash) to be used in order to trade. Cryptocurrencies are a type of digital money.
Elon Musk is a serial entrepreneur who co-founded innovative companies such as Paypal, Tesla and SpaceX. His ambitious projects and impressive technical feats have catapulted him to the helm of business innovators.
HashCash is an early Proof of Work (PoW) system developed by Adam Back. Its initial purpose was to fight email spam, but HashCash ended up becoming a central component of the Bitcoin consensus mechanism.