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Stack Overflow: 68% of Web Developers are Pro-Blockchain
Only a few years ago, blockchain was a little-known corner of the tech world associated primarily with cryptocurrencies and techno-libertarianism. The rise of decentralized smart contract platforms like Ethereum, however, has completely changed the way that sectors ranging from finance to journalism view the application of decentralized networks, distributed ledgers, and digital assets in reorganizing business models. But to build those blue sky business models of the future, you need developers. While the Ethereum developer community is the already largest, most active, and inclusive in all of blockchain (just check out Gitcoin if you need proof), it seems that only more and more web developers those who have built the current iteration of the internet experience are looking to blockchain and what comes next.

Of Forbes ?Top 50 Billion-Dollar Companies Exploring Blockchain,' Over Half are Working with Ethereum
Forbes recently released a new list that features 50 companies with minimum revenues or valuations of $1 billion and U.S. operations that are exploring or integrating blockchain technology into their operations. The new Forbes list will ultimately be comprised of 100 companies, but only the initial 50 have been released so far. Already, we have enough information to begin extrapolating findings from their research that present some very encouraging signs for the development of Ethereum and blockchain technology as a whole. A report from International Data Corp stated that corporate and government spending on blockchain technology has increased by 89% compared to last year, and is set to hit $2.9 billion in 2019. By 2022, the firm reports that total blockchain spending will reach $12.4 billion. In a survey from Deloitte, 95% of respondents stated that their companies plan to invest in blockchain tech this year. Similarly, PwC conducted another survey of 600 executives in which 84% expressed that their companies are already involved with distributed ledger technology.

Joe Lubin: Why Ethereum Will Become the Global Settlement Layer
The Deconomy conference in Seoul last week featured blockchain leaders like Vitalik Buterin, Andreas Antonopolous, and Changpeng CZ? Zhao taking the big stage at the Jangchung Arena for deep dives into blockchain, Ethereum, and cryptocurrency. Notably, ConsenSys Founder Joe Lubin delivered a landmark treatise that addressed a number of foundational issues currently facing the blockchain ecosystem as #Cryptospring comes into view. Lubin's Deconomy address laid out the path towards Ethereum 2.0, proof of stake implementation, and blockchain's development towards providing a global settlement layer for a decentralized world economy. He went on to acknowledge a number of other blockchain and distributed ledger platforms, and evaluated why Ethereum remains the only viable candidate for achieving the decentralization holy grail of a global settlement layer. The talk follows up on a similarly substantial keynote at SXSW Interactive this March, and together the two talks offer a clear waypoint on the direction of Ethereum and blockchain in 2019.

ConsenSys: You Can Make Money Right Now Playing Games on the Blockchain
The blockchain ecosystem is rife with discussion and debate about scalability, hard forks, network upgrades, and enterprise adoption. Quietly in the midst of all the international discussion, online gaming has emerged as one of the earliest and most robust proofs that blockchain and Ethereum have the ability to revolutionize an existing industry. Core to the revolution of online gaming are non-fungible tokens, also known as ERC-721 tokens. Quick explanation: So far in the Ethereum ecosystem, the main playershave been ERC-20 tokens, which are fungible tokens. A fungible asset is anything that has equal value to its counterpart. The regular US dollar is a good example. I don't really care if I trade a dollar bill with another person they are worth the same in value. A non-fungible asset, however, does not have equal value to its counterpart. I am not going to trade my holographic Charizard Pokémon card for your Magikarp Pokémon card they are worth entirely different values.

The State of Scaling Ethereum ? ConsenSys Media
A concise overview of the challenges and solutions to scaling the Ethereum Network Ethereum developers have long known that scaling the network is a subject worth discussion and investment. The matter did not quite spill out from the developer community, however, until late 2017, when a decentralized application (dApp) named CryptoKitties attracted so much traffic it began slowing down the network. On top of network latency, the price of gas the fee required to run each operation within a contract on the Ethereum blockchain soared as users competed for their transactions to be validated. Though the story is now over-reported and exhausted, the CryptoKitties situation revealed that Ethereum in its current state may not be prepared for the amount of traffic that would accompany the launch of a successful dApp. Slow speeds and volatile usage-costs drive people away from platforms and applications. DApp developers are charging ahead to release the first widely-adopted application, so Ethereum developers must continue working to scale the blockchain.

Welcome to the Fourth Industrial Revolution ? 19 Blockchain Predictions for 2019 -- Andrew Keys
ConsenSyss Andrew Keys delivers his annual take on what the year ahead holds for blockchain, Ethereum, and decentralization. From the steam engine to silicon chips, innovation has compelled society forward. We've seen three industrial revolutions turn farms into factories, steel into skyscrapers, and computer networks into a connected world. But with each revolution newly created wealth has consolidated with the few and fewer. As Klaus Schwab, founder of the World Economic Forum, explains of our late capitalist state: The largest beneficiaries of innovation tend to be the providers of intellectual and physical capital the innovators, shareholders, and investors which explains the rising gap in wealth between those dependent on capital versus labor.

The Constantinople Hard Fork: What You Need to Know
Constantinople is the name of Ethereums next hard fork system upgrade. It is part of the multi-step journey towards Serenity, which implements revolutionary protocols such as Proof of Stake. On December 6th, 2018, the Ethereum core developers voted to proceed with Constantinople, which will be implemented at block 7,080,000. With an average block time of ~14.5 seconds, that puts the estimated date of the Constantinople hard fork at January 16th, 2019. But doesn't a hard fork mean a currency split Not necessarily. One of the most highly publicized hard forks in Ethereum's history was the hard fork that occurred after the DAO hack and restored the stolen ETH to the original owners. Because that hard fork was unplanned and contentious, the community split between those who supported the restoration of funds (Ethereum) and those who rejected it on grounds of immutability (Ethereum Classic). Uncontentious hard forks, however, have happened in Ethereum's history to implement upgrades without currency splits, including Homestead and Byzantium. Because the Ethereum community at large expects and supports the Constantinople hard fork, the token consequences as seen in the ETH/ETC hard fork are not expected.

The Thirdening: What You Need To Know
On December 6th, 2018, the Ethereum core dev team decided to move forward with the Constantinople hard fork. The update will be implemented at the 7,080,000 block, which is estimated to occur on January 16th, 2019. You can read about Constantinople here. Constantinople will implement five Ethereum Improvement Proposals (EIP). One of those proposals is EIP 1234, which includes an adjustment to block rewards. Currently, when a block is successfully mined on the Ethereum blockchain, the miner receives 3 ETH as a reward. After Constantinople, miners will receive 2 ETH per block as a reward. This reduction from 3 ETH to 2 ETH is a reward adjustment of -33%, hence the Thirdening.

Preparing for Crypto Spring ? PegaSys
PegaSys is the protocol engineering team at ConsenSys. Sign up for the PegaSys newsletter to get the latest updates on Ethereum 2.0. Warren Buffett is the greatest investor of all time, yet his investing philosophy can be boiled down to just a few words: think long term. Kurzweil makes the same case for technological advancement: true innovators think long term. Thinking long term has been one of the keys for PegaSys in a blockchain market full of challenges. As part of the strategy team for PegaSys, I speak constantly to teams building applications on the forefront of blockchain innovation. The excitement is palpable for use cases that are moving to production next year; at the same time, there is the knowledge that this shift will be hard.

The Next Killer App is a Killer Ecosystem
Late last year, ConsenSys founder Joe Lubin took the stage at Devcon4 in Prague to offer his take on the state of the emergent Ethereum ecosystem to an audience of the blockchain industry's most impactful tech developers, entrepreneurs, and policymakers. In what has now been dubbed his Killer Ecosystem address, Lubin discussed the remarkable, multifaceted work being done by Vitalik Buterin and the Ethereum Foundation, the decentralized organization structure of ConsenSys as it prepares for a more lithe ConsenSys 2.0, and what success looks like on both the protocol and application layer for decentralized apps and blockchain-based companies in 2019.

Insights on breakthroughs, challenges, expectations & goals facing Ethereum and blockchain technology as we roll into 2019.
Get insights about the year ahead in blockchain tech via developers, entrepreneurs, and creatives from around the ConsenSys Mesh. As we begin another year in blockchain technologys development towards becoming a foundational pillar of global economies, it's an ideal time to take a look back at learnings from the past 365 days and analyze how the still emerging industry surrounding blockchain tech can better itself going forward. While 2018 was a rollercoaster year for cryptocurrencies, volatility in the markets was outmatched only by expectations in regards to the impact of blockchain tech. But while the media hype cycle has rumbled on as it does, the technologists, developers, entrepreneurs, and professionals around the world who make up the blockchain industry have been achieving the small and steady inroads required for technology like Ethereum to succeed in a sustainable and substantive manner.

Are Miners Centralized? A Look into Mining Pools ? ConsenSys Media
Read about Alethio's analysis of the (de)centralization of the Ethereum network. A week's worth of data from the Ethereum blockchain provides transparency and insight to mining pools and miners. by Danning Sui, Saulo Ricci and Johannes Pfeffer Ethereum is backed by p2p network architecture, in which each participant is a node. Each node in this distributed network is connected with other nodes [1,2], and all nodes must reach a consensus to maintain the continuity of the blockchain. Some nodes, called miners, invest their computing power in order to confirm the next block to be appended to the blockchain.

Ecosystem Spotlight: Opera, The Blockchain Ready Browser -- A Q&A about w/ Charles Hamel, Product Manager of Opera Crypto [ConsenSys Media]
Opera delivers browsers and AI-driven content delivery solutions to over 320 million people worldwide. Initially founded in 1996 in Norway, Opera recently completed its IPO in July 2018 and is officially entering the crypto ecosystem. The Opera browser now offers a native crypto wallet with Ethereum integrations built into the existing browser. Most cryptocurrency wallets today are either plugins, extensions, or separate hardware wallets. Opera's native crypto wallet creates a one-touch process to send and receive cryptoassets as well as explore the decentralized applications of web3. ConsenSys Media sat down with Charles Hamel, Product Manager at Opera Crypto and asked him a few questions about the first mainstream browser to transition to Web3.

The State of the Ethereum Network ? ConsenSys Media
After months of intense attention on blockchain technology and the Ethereum blockchain, we pull together statistics from across the network to provide a snapshot of Ethereum today, its past, and its roadmap ahead. Blockchain technology and Ethereum in particular has gained international attention and traction since its release in 2015. In particular, late 2017 and early 2018 saw a massive increase in popular attention due to rapid price increases across the entire crypto-asset ecosystem. In two years, the word Ethereum has been included in over 110 million Google searches. The hashtag #ethereum is tweeted, on average, 20,000 times a day.

Everything Enterprises Need to Know About Amazon?s Blockchain as a Service -- Consensys Media
AWS (Amazon Web Services) is arguably the most comprehensive cloud and computing services vendor in the market. Amazon offers a portfolio of over 125 services spanning segments including cloud, IoT, analytics, and more. The most recent addition to their laundry list of services: Blockchain as a service. Amazon continues to be known as a customer-centric company, prioritizing their business to meet growing consumer demands. With the business value-add of blockchain technology expected to exceed $3.1 trillion by 2030 (Gartner), it's easy to see why so many large tech firms are looking into providing blockchain solutions. Amazon recently announced a managed blockchain service in late November during its re:Invent 2018 conference. By doing so, they joined other cloud vendor services that providing blockchain nodes as a service for exploration of the technology. Amazon's entrance is positive news for the blockchain ecosystem.

A Look Back at 2018: The Year of Enterprise Ethereum
?Proof of concept is a phrase heard often when it comes to Enterprise Ethereum. It's a stage. It means that a company is working to understand how blockchain can help them and in what way, and how it should be implemented from a technical perspective. Before 2018, many companies entered this stage and stopped there. Perhaps enterprise blockchain was in the early adopters phase, in a lifecycle similar to Geoffrey Moore's technology adoption life cycle from Crossing the Chasm. Were we straining to cross the chasm of enterprise adoption For Enterprise Ethereum, and for other new technologies and platforms, the path to mainstream adoption will perhaps follow the three steps: 1) ideation 2) conceptualization and 3) actual implementation. Up until this year, organizations worked to conceive practical use cases, or to actually find the time, resources and buy-in to commit. After all, blockchain is designed to coordinate multi-company processes, so getting buy-in across multiple parties takes time.

Public blockchains are superior to private blockchains just as the public internet is superior to private intranets
This is Part 4 of a ten-part series on Enterprise Ethereum. Part 3, 5 Reasons Why Ethereum Is so Much More Than a Distributed Ledger Technology compares Ethereum to other blockchain business solutions. Enterprises looking to harness the power of blockchain technology often think in binary terms of private and public chains. Some believe that public blockchains lack the privacy and confidentiality capabilities of private? blockchains. Private blockchains today, however, don't guarantee privacy in all the ways enterprises actually understand privacy. The big myth is that private blockchains maintain privacy while public? blockchains cannot. Importantly, enterprises often confuse private blockchains with permissioned? blockchains with private transaction managers. Permissioning includes who has access and control, while privacy denotes shielded transaction data.

Elegy for a Cypherpunk ? Avery Erwin [ConsenSys Media]
If you right-click and inspect the server certificate that's validating your connection to this page, you'll find fingerprints, signatures, and a secure hash algorithm called SHA-256. This split-second hello between your browser and the Medium Corporation's far-off server that's serving up this web page is a Transport Layer Security protocol commonly called the TLS handshake. Your browser needs proof that this content is coming from someplace and from someone?you can trust. A handshake is, in many ways, one of our original cryptographic tools. Cryptography is the practice of securing communication. A handshake in the olden days would verify that we hold no weapons and that our connection is secure.

5 Reasons Why Enterprise Ethereum Is so Much More Than a Distributed Ledger Technology
This is Part 3 of a 10-part series on Enterprise Ethereum. Part 2, Blockchain Use Cases and Applications by Industry, discussed the major sectors from banking to energy to supply chain management that are already deploying Ethereum blockchain solutions to solve industry problems. So you're a decision maker at your company and you've heard of enterprise blockchain projects more and more companies are collaborating in business networks to streamline shared business process such as managing data, tracking transactions, and tracing real-world goods. But maybe you're asking, Why not just use a shared database

Ethereum by the Numbers ? ConsenSys Media
Price isn't the whole story. In the wake of renewed scrutiny of the blockchain industry, a closer look at the hard facts behind the Ethereum network. In June of this year, we published The State of the Ethereum Network, highlighting some key data and statistics from across the network. Six months later, near the close of 2018, we are at the tail end of a long crypto-winter?, where the market fluctuations between late 2017 and now have consumed popular attention of the blockchain industry. A closer look at the numbers, however, reveals a robust technology, inundated with projects and developers and with a determined upward trajectory of development into the new year.

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