Opinion: Decentralized blockchains can only survive having a valuable token, like Bitcoin, attached to them [Feb 2018]
We’ve heard this time and again, especially from folks in the financial sector: “blockchain is here to stay, Bitcoin not so much”. Is this really so? We disagree, and in this article we discuss the origins of Bitcoin and how the problem it solved only makes sense when there’s a reward for participants to join […]
Proof of Activity (PoA) Summary [Cryptocurrency consensus mechanisms]
Proof of Activity (PoA) is a cryptocurrency consensus mechanism which combines Proof of Work (PoW) and Proof of State (PoW) into a hybrid mining system. In a PoA system, validators begin by applying a Proof of Work stage to block headers until they find a desirable hash. The block headers are then passed onto a […]
Proof of Capacity (PoC) Summary [Cryptocurrency consensus mechanisms]
Proof of Capacity (PoC) consensus algorithms require network participants to prove they have performed a certain amount of storage operations in order to mine a valid block. Where Proof of Work consensus requires users to prove they have performed computations in time (to guarantee a 10 minute space between Bitcoin blocks, for example), Proof of […]
Proof of Burn (PoB) Summary [Cryptocurrency consensus mechanisms]
In the Proof of Burn (PoB) consensus mechanism, miners earn the right to mint the next block by burning some value in the blockchain. All proof systems are based on the principle that minting a block must incurr in some cost, otherwise fraudsters could inject invalid transactions into the blockchain. Bitcoin achieves this by making […]
A process or system by which multiple parties are able to reach consensus. In the context of cryptocurrencies, it's the process which allows for everyone to agree on everyone else's money balance. E.g. Bitcoin employs Nakamoto consensus via PoW mining.
Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM)
The Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) is the individual component which enables the worldwide decentralized computing infrastructure on the blockchain. Smart contracts actually run on each individual EVM instance around the world. Miners verify and store results from EVM computing processes on the blockchain.