In the Basic Concepts category you will find introductory articles that range from the very basics (such as the ELI5 subsection) to medium difficulty subjects (e.g. beginning programming).
The concepts presented on this section are recommended for those beginning with cryptocurrency programming, investing, mining and other crypto related activities which involve some technical background.
ELI5 Provably Fair Games
What is a provably fair game?
The answer lies at the heart of a whole new industry which has been developed around the transparent, decentralized, nature of the blockchain.
ELI5 Bitcoin Puzzle Transactions
As the name implies, Bitcoin puzzle transactions are created as a challenge and not for the usual purpose of monetary transfer.
Puzzles can be published for several reasons, in...
Understand the Double Spending problem
As the name implies, the double spending problem consists in executing a transaction twice while subtracting once from your balance.
This, of course, can only happen by means ...
How to buy Bitcoin near me?
If you feel insecure about purchasing Bitcoin through virtual channels, a personal contact can go a long way in helping you break through the toughest barrier for new crypto inves...
ELI5 What’s a stablecoin?
Since the beginning of cryptocurrency history, most crypto assets have been known to experience enormous oscillations against the US Dollar (or some other legacy fiat currency).
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MECACoin: Decentralized and trusted online casino platform
2020 Update Both the MecaCoin project’s Telegram group and Twitter have vanished. We’ve moved this project to the Dead Coins section. Original Post There are many online casinos operating legally, but legality does not guarantee a regulation of fairness. In traditional (non-blockchain) online casinos, game systems and winning distributions lack transparency and there is no […]
Winning Bustabit strategy: ELI5 How to consistently win at Bustabit!
Bustabit is a betting game where you try to guess the largest possible magic number in each contest. Sounds kinda dull, but there’s a catch: this number is a Bitcoin multiplier! So, there’s actual money involved in bustabit. Lots of it. How does Bustabit work? If you guess a multiplier before the game crashes, you […]
Opinion: Bitcoin no longer a contrarian investment [February, 2018]
Early Bitcoin investors got used to the common sense that cryptocurrencies were an alternative to the mainstream financial system. True that Satoshi’s original vision, where each user could mine a bit of BTC per day as a reward for keeping their full node running, may have seemed like a revolutionary alternative to the mainstream financial […]
bitcoind.cpp – Commented Bitcoin source code
As mentioned in the Bitcoin-Qt commented source code post, there are several approaches one can take to step into the Bitcoin source in approximately the same order as it runs. For instance, tests are a great source of tiny example programs. Then there’s the ubiquitous Bitcoin-Qt client and, of course, bitcoind. All are good options […]
Concepts In This Page
A process or system by which multiple parties are able to reach consensus. In the context of cryptocurrencies, it's the process which allows for everyone to agree on everyone else's money balance. E.g. Bitcoin employs Nakamoto consensus via PoW mining.
Proof of Stake
Proof of Stake is a consensus mechanism in which block verifiers prove their commitment to the network by staking their coins instead of by proving they performed some work (contrast with Proof of Work).
Staking is the process by which users delegate their Proof of Stake voting rights to a staking pool. The pool then verifies transactions on the users' behalf and, similarly to mining pools, share some of the profits back with the stakers.
First Generation Cryptocurrencies
The first generation cryptocurrencies was spawned by Bitcoin. Several Bitcoin forks exist on this generation. Most 1st generation coins simply copied the Bitcoin source code while modifying the encryption algorithms and total coin supply.
Second Generation Cryptocurrencies
The second generation of cryptocurrencies added on-chain smart contracts and fully featured contract programming languages. Ethereum, which is the most notable 2nd generation cryptocurrency, brought smart contracts and introduced tokens to the masses, spawning the wave of ICO's from 2014 onwards.
Third Generation Cryptocurrencies
Third Generation Cryptocurrencies are still being developed. These include everything from second gen cryptos, plus on-chain governance, delegated Proof of Stake consensus and native compliance features. Cardano is a notable example of 3rd gen cryptocurrency project.
Cryptography and cryptocurrency based gaming.