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Proof of Activity (PoA) Summary [Cryptocurrency consensus mechanisms]
Proof of Activity (PoA) is a cryptocurrency consensus mechanism which combines Proof of Work (PoW) and Proof of State (PoW) into a hybrid mining system. In a PoA system, validators begin by applying a Proof of Work stage to block headers until they find a desirable hash. The block headers are then passed onto a […]
Proof of Elapsed Time (POET) Summary [Cryptocurrency consensus mechanisms]
In this poetically named consensus mechanism, network participants prove that they have slept for a random amount of time before being able to mint a block. POET was released by Intel in 2016 and was originally aimed at trusted computing using Intel CPU’s. A special instruction set called Software Guard Extensions (SGX) allows programs to […]
Proof of Trust (PoT) Summary [Cryptocurrency consensus mechanisms]
In a Proof of Trust system, users in a network gain trust as they participate in special activities within the network. If a user tries to defraud the system, the trust is lost and they lose an equivalent amount in value (the cryptocurrency or token employed). In a Proof of Trust system, “trust” is staked […]
Proof of Burn (PoB) Summary [Cryptocurrency consensus mechanisms]
In the Proof of Burn (PoB) consensus mechanism, miners earn the right to mint the next block by burning some value in the blockchain. All proof systems are based on the principle that minting a block must incurr in some cost, otherwise fraudsters could inject invalid transactions into the blockchain. Bitcoin achieves this by making […]
Concepts In This Page
A process or system by which multiple parties are able to reach consensus. In the context of cryptocurrencies, it's the process which allows for everyone to agree on everyone else's money balance. E.g. Bitcoin employs Nakamoto consensus via PoW mining.
Proof of Space Time
In a Proof of Space Time consensus mechanism, participants prove that they've provided the network with a certain amount of storage space for a certain amount of time. Similar to Proof of Capacity and Proof of Space, but with a time parameter added.